Politically the situation worsened in South Africa after this
book was published. The introduction of apartheid legalized racial segregation, which resulted in racial inequality from 1949 right through until 1990. In 1994 the transition to a non-racial
democratic society was complete, which brought about the African National Congress obtaining power.
The Congress had originally been formed in 1912 and their aim
has always been to secure racial equality and full political rights for non-whites. Their leaders Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu were imprisoned for their outspoken views in 1964. The both
served long sentences. Nelson Mandela became South Africa’s first post-apartheid President.
Although this vast country still faces many problems, they do so
as a united democratic people and although friction is still evident between the races, by and large, Paton’s fear that the blacks would hate the whites has not transpired.